The Anatomy of a Fire Door

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Fire safety laws continue to evolve and many people still get confused as to what a good fire door should be made up of. Outlined below are the features that a fire door should include:
Door Leaf:
  • Door leaf should be fully tested and certified
  • Undamaged and suitable fire rating
  • Fitted with all compatible ironmongery and components
  • Fitted to ensure the correct gaps between the door leaf and frame when the door is closed.
 
Door Frame:
  • Tested fire door frame design
  • Correct material and dimensions for specific fire door rating
  • Compatible with the door leaf
  • Securely fitted to aperture, with the correct fixings and gap filling materials used behind the architrave.
Lock or Latch:
  • Suitable for use on the specific fire door
  • Fitted with the correct intumescent protection and fixings
  • Fitted in the correct location using the correct fixings
Door Closer:
  • Suitable for use on the specific fire door
  • Fitted with the correct intumescent protection (if required) and fixings
  • Adjusted to ensure the door closes snugly against the frame and the door is easy to operate.
Hinges:
  • Suitable for use on a fire door, with the correct identification markings
  • Fitted with correct intumescent pads (if required)
  • Fitted with correct fixings
  • Fitted in the correct location
  • Standard height fire doors should have a minimum of three hinges to prevent the door from warping in a fire
Fire and Smoke Seals:
  • Full perimeter seal
  • Seals made from the correct material and to the size and specification detailed
  • Suitable rating and configuration to match the fire rating of the door leaf
  • Smoke seals fill gap between door and frame when door is closed, around entire perimeter of the doorleaf.
Vision Panels:
  • Only fitted in a factory controlled environment
  • Fitted using all the correct components and fixings
  • Fitted in the correct location in the doorleaf, and not exceeding any size limitations.
  • Compatible with the specific fire door leaf.

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